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outlier detection

在异常检测领域中,常常需要决定新观察的点是否属于与现有观察点相同的分布(则它称为inlier),或者被认为是不同的(称为outlier)。离群是异常的数据,但是不一定是错误的数据点。

在Envoy中,离群点检测是动态确定上游集群中是否有某些主机表现不正常,然后将它们从正常的负载均衡集群中删除的过程。outlier detection可以与healthy check同时/独立启用,并构成整个上游运行状况检查解决方案的基础。

此处概念不做过多的说明,具体可以参考官方文档与自行google

监测类型

  • 连续的5xx
  • 连续的网关错误
  • 连续的本地来源错误

更多介绍参考官方文档 outlier detection

离群检测测试

说明,此处只能在单机环境测试更多还的参考与实际环境

环境准备

docker-compose 模拟后端5个节点

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version: '3'
services:
  envoy:
    image: envoyproxy/envoy-alpine:v1.15-latest
    environment: 
    - ENVOY_UID=0
    ports:
    - 80:80
    - 443:443
    - 82:9901
    volumes:
    - ./envoy.yaml:/etc/envoy/envoy.yaml
    networks:
      envoymesh:
        aliases:
        - envoy
    depends_on:
    - webserver1
    - webserver2
  
  webserver1:
    image: cylonchau/envoy-end:latest
    networks:
      envoymesh:
        aliases:
        - myservice
        - webservice
    expose:
    - 90
  webserver2:
    image: cylonchau/envoy-end:latest
    networks:
      envoymesh:
        aliases:
        - myservice
        - webservice
    expose:
    - 90
  webserver3:
    image: cylonchau/envoy-end:latest
    networks:
      envoymesh:
        aliases:
        - myservice
        - webservice
    expose:
    - 90
  webserver4:
    image: cylonchau/envoy-end:latest
    networks:
      envoymesh:
        aliases:
        - myservice
        - webservice
    expose:
    - 90
  webserver5:
    image: cylonchau/envoy-end:latest
    networks:
      envoymesh:
        aliases:
        - myservice
        - webservice
    expose:
    - 90
networks:
  envoymesh: {}

envoy 配置文件

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admin:
  access_log_path: /dev/null
  address:
    socket_address: { address: 0.0.0.0, port_value: 9901 }

static_resources:
  listeners:
  - name: listener_0
    address:
      socket_address: { address: 0.0.0.0, port_value: 80 }
    filter_chains:
    - filters:
      - name: envoy_http_connection_manager
        typed_config:
          "@type": type.googleapis.com/envoy.extensions.filters.network.http_connection_manager.v3.HttpConnectionManager
          stat_prefix: ingress_http
          codec_type: AUTO
          route_config:
            name: local_route
            virtual_hosts:
            - name: local_service
              domains: [ "*" ]
              routes:
              - match: { prefix: "/" }
                route: { cluster: local_service }
          http_filters:
          - name: envoy.filters.http.router

  clusters:
  - name: local_service
    connect_timeout: 0.25s
    type: STRICT_DNS
    lb_policy: ROUND_ROBIN
    load_assignment:
      cluster_name: local_service
      endpoints:
      - lb_endpoints:
        - endpoint:
            address:
              socket_address: { address: webservice, port_value: 90 }
    health_checks:
      timeout: 3s
      interval: 90s
      unhealthy_threshold: 5
      healthy_threshold: 5
      no_traffic_interval: 240s
      http_health_check:
        path: "/ping"
        expected_statuses:
          start: 200
          end: 201
    outlier_detection:
      consecutive_5xx: 2
      base_ejection_time: 30s
      max_ejection_percent: 40
      interval: 20s
      success_rate_minimum_hosts: 5
      success_rate_request_volume: 10

配置说明

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    outlier_detection:
      consecutive_5xx: 2 # 连续的5xx错误数量
      base_ejection_time: 30s # 弹出主机的基准时间。实际时间等于基本时间乘以主机弹出的次数
      max_ejection_percent: 40 # 可弹出主机集群的最大比例,默认值为10% ,此处为40% 即集群中5个节点的2个节点
      interval: 20s # 间隔时间
      success_rate_minimum_hosts: 5 # 集群中最小主机数量
      success_rate_request_volume: 10 # 在一个时间间隔内中收集请求检测的最小数量

此处为了效果,将主动检测状态时间增加,主机弹出时间增加

路由

/502bad 模拟一个502的错误

运行结果

模拟一些5xx请求和200请求

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 workers
envoy_1       | [2020-09-13 06:10:01.093][1][warning][main] [source/server/server.cc:537] there is no configured limit to the number of allowed active connections. Set a limit via the runtime key overload.global_downstream_max_connections
webserver2_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:08 | 200 |      63.272?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver5_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:10 | 200 |      46.732?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver1_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:11 | 200 |       45.43?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver3_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:13 | 502 |      43.858?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver4_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:14 | 502 |      47.486?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver2_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:15 | 200 |      15.691?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver5_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:16 | 200 |      14.719?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver1_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:16 | 200 |      15.758?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver3_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:17 | 502 |      15.697?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver2_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:17 | 502 |      14.002?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver5_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:17 | 502 |      14.913?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver1_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:18 | 502 |      14.911?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver4_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:18 | 502 |      30.429?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/502bad"
webserver5_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:19 | 200 |      14.377?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver1_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:19 | 200 |      14.861?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver2_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:19 | 200 |      18.924?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver5_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:19 | 200 |      15.899?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"
webserver1_1  | [GIN] 2020/09/13 - 06:10:19 | 200 |      24.849?s |      172.22.0.7 | GET      "/"

集群已弹出 20%的节点,健康检查结果为 failed_outlier_check

请求已分配到其余三台节点

30秒后,弹出主机已回复正常

再次模拟请求

30秒后,如在时间间隔内,无新增请求,节点依旧为 failed_outlier_check,有新增请求时恢复。

本文发布于Cylon的收藏册,转载请著名原文链接~

链接:Envoy 离群检测

版权:本作品采用「署名-非商业性使用-相同方式共享 4.0 国际」 许可协议进行许可。